The real challenge is focused on cars. Private transport generates almost 90% of the generated emissions by vehicles in Europe and any solution requires a long period of time to be implemented fully.
The railway transportation, despite being very popular in countries such as Austria, needs infrastructure and a lot of investment which difficults the possibility of it becoming the main alternative in upcoming years. Also, its growth is not scalable.
The electric car is gaining popularity day by day, but it will take years for it to become an alternative. The access restriction to cities with polluting cars generates a serious problem for people who can’t afford a cleaner car in the short term.
This leaves us with a solution that is beginning to be implemented in our cities and reduces the problem of pollution, minifies traffic and generates value. Collaborative mobility.
The best examples of collaborative mobility are: carsharing services, which offer a rent of a fleet of cars to the users for short periods of time and carpooling platforms, which connect car drivers with free seats and passengers to share the journey.
If these services and platforms use electric cars, it becomes a winning formula. Less cars circulating, less spending and better mobility for residents in large cities.
This new reality generates new challenges, such as negative influence on taxis, the possibility of generating uncontrolled businesses or the proliferation of bad practices. But this tendency, far from being temporal, seems to have come to stay.
Large companies and institutions have opted to launch collaborative transport services, and not only with cars. Our cities are beginning to see motorcycles and electric bikes obeing shared for very little money.
The future in this field will be exponential as soon as the automobile industry's promise becomes available: the autonomous car.
When cars with level 5 of autonomous driving (total autonomy without a driver) become available, the possibilities for collaborative transport will be endless.
In this forseen future, buying a vehicle would make no sense. Requesting a car for your journeys would fulfill your mobility necessities without the need to support maintenance and associated expenses.
However, until the future of autonomous electric cars is upon us, one of the best resources to combat pollution is to quite simply share.